Mountain Elgon National Park Uganda

Mountain Elgon National Park is located on the eastern part Uganda and bisected by the border of Kenya and Uganda. The park is also the largest and oldest solitary, volcanic mountain in East African region. Its enormous areas form, eighty (80) km in diameter and rises more than 3,000m above the surrounding plains. The mountain’s cool heights offer respite from the hot plains below, with the higher altitudes providing a refuge for flora and fauna. Read More

Sipi Falls

sipi-falls-in-elgon

These are series of massive basalt cliffs lying on the northern and western parts of Mount Elgon.  The most popular are the three waterfalls at Sipi – Kapchorwa district, just outside the park. The lowest of these falls is the most astounding as it cascades over a 100m cliff. The second, famous as Simba, plunges 69m over the entrance to a cave. Visitors can stand in the cave and enjoy a view of the back of the falls. The third waterfall, also known as Ngasire, gushes over an 87m high ridge. Sipi Falls is less than an hour’s drive from Mbale on a paved road.

Easily accessible waterfalls are also found at Sisiyi, Bulago, Chebonet and Wanale and many more are scattered across the mountain, offering spectacular views.

Tewei Hill; Tewei hill is located outside the park overlooking Sipi Falls .The hill is considered to be the place where in1960s King of the Sabiny Chemonges Kingo, used to meet his subjects. From the top of the hill one can enjoy the views of the three falls Sipi falls, the Karamajong plains and the Wagagai peak.

Matheniko Bokora Wildlife Reserve & Pian Upe Wildlife Reserve; Matheniko Bojkora wildlife reserve is unique reserve located in the plains of Karamoja. This together with Uganda’s second largest protected area- Pian Upe Wildlife Reserve have unique wildlife species which can be explored by visitors hiking Mountain Elgon. The oustnading wildlife species found here includes rare species such as the roan antelope, , Bright’s gazelle lesser kudu and ostriches which, in Uganda, are found only here and in Kidepo Valley National Park. Wildlife is concentrated around the Loporokocho swamp; bird species encountered here include Hartlaub’s Turaco, Eastern Bronze-napped Pigeon, and Lemon Dove, Dusky Turtle Dove, African Hill Babbler, Alpine Chat, Black-throated Wattle-eye, Mountain Yellow Warbler, Thick-billed Honey guide and Grey Cuckoo-Shrike. Rock paintings found at various sites within the Matheniko Bokora Wildlife Reserve are believed to date back over 3000 years and were created by the Kushite and Nilotic peoples.

Nyero Rock Paintings

nyero-rock-painting

This exceptional rock painting is located just 65km north of Mbale. The paintings situated in Kumi district are the finest of several rock art sites in the region. Three panels are found within the extensive granite outcrop of Moru Ikara, 10km from Kumi Town and 55km from Mbale on the Soroti road. The most fascinating is Panel Two which includes two canoes bearing human figures.

Vegetation

vegetation-mount-elgon-national-park

Mt. Elgon’s supports a wide -range of vegetation which is differentiated into broad zones whose characteristics or features are mainly determined by rainfall and altitude of the area. The lower mountain slopes are covered or occupied with dense forest and regenerating forests, hung with vine-like lianas, epiphytes and lichens. The floor is covered or blanketed with a carpet of ferns, flowering plants and orchids. The most dominant tree species confronted in the tropical montane forest (1,500-2,500m asl) are olive, Elgon teak, podocarpus, Oleahochstetteri, prunus africanas cedar, Cordia, allophyllus tombea, Neoboutania, and Aningueriaadolfi-friedericii.

As altitude change to 2,500-300, the vegetation zone changes to mixed bamboo. The bamboo merges and occupies the open woodland and the common tree species here include hagenia abyssinica and African rosewood interspersed with hypericum – a giant form of St. John’s wort.

The heath zone (3,000-, 3500m) is characterized or featured by giant heather interspersed with grassy swards of blonde tussock grass decorated with pink and white everlasting flowers, flame-colored gladioli, blue delphiniums and red hot pokers.

At an altitude of 3,500-4,321 above sea level, the moorland or Afro-alpine zone consists of plant species like senecio elgonensis, Erica tree, giant lobelias with hairy leaves and plumes of tiny blue flowers, ladies’ mantle tussocks (archimilla elgonesis) and pink and white everlasting flowers. The summit of the mountain is vegetated by rare Afro-montane species that include giant forms of lobelia and groundsel.

Fauna/Wildlife

wildlife-mount-elgon

Mountain Elgon national  Park supports an enormous range of wildlife including rock and tree hyraxes, buffalo, Defassa waterbuck, elephant, oribi, bushbuck, duiker, forest hog, bush pig, leopard, civet and serval cats, serval cats, spotted hyena; aardvark and several rodent species. However these animals are rarely observed in the forest setting. The most easily seen wildlife creatures are the black-and-white colobus; baboons; red tailed, vervet, De Brazza’s and blue monkeys; duiker and tree squirrel.

Birdlife/Avifauna

birds-mount-elgon

The mountain is acting as natural home to an estimated 300 birds including 40 restricted bird range species. Also 56 of the 87 Afrotropical highland biome species thrive in the park, commonly the Moorland Francolin, Alpine Chat and Moustached Green Tinkerbird.

The bird species endemic to Mountain Elgon national park include the Jackson’s Francolin and Black-collared Apalis and those found in the Elgon and other mountainous areas of eastern Uganda include the Black-shouldered Kite and Tacazze Sunbird, African Goshawk, Chubb’s Cisticola, White-chinned Prinia, African Blue Fly-catchers, Chin-spot Batis, Mackinon’s Fiscal, Doherty’s and Luhder’s Bush-Shrikes and Baglafecht Weaver. The park is one of the few birding destinations in Uganda where the endangered Lammergeyer species can be seen, soaring above the caldera and Suam Gorge.

Forest Exploration Centre

The Centre is located 13kms from the nearest Sipi town and it also acts as an educational Centre for schools travellers visiting the park for study purposes .It’s also the trailhead for climbers using the Sipi trail to hike to the caldera. Three circuits of between 3-7km pass through the surrounding regenerating forest, where tourists can visit caves, waterfalls, escarpments and viewpoints; and observe different birds and primates. Bird species found here include Hartlaub’s Turaco, Eastern Bronze-napped Pigeon, African Hill Babbler, Lemon Dove, Dusky-Turtle Dove Alpine Chat, Black-throated Wattle-eye, Mountain Yellow Warbler, Thick-billed Honey guide, Grey Cuckoo-Shrike.

Local people

Mount Elgon is home to three tribes ie the Bagisu, the Sabiny and the Ndorobo. The Bagisu and the Sabiny are subsistence farmers and conduct circumcision ceremonies every other year to initiate young men (and in the Sabiny’s case, girls) into adulthood. Traditionally, the Bagisu, also known as the Ba-Masaba, consider Mount Elgon to be the embodiment of their founding father Masaba, and you may hearn the mountain called by this name. Local people have depended on forest produces and have made agreements with the park to continue to harvest resources such as bamboo poles and bamboo shoots (a delicious local delicacy).

Caves

mount-elgon-caves

Mount Elgon’s slopes are covered with stunning caves left by moving lava and erosion of soft volcanic deposits. The most famous and easily accessed through forest Exploration Centre is Kapkwai Cave and Khauka Cave on Wanale Ridge. These caves have cultural and historical attachment to the locals and their livestock because they used to act as shelters for the local community members. More recently the caves have been used by hikers or climbs and their respective potters when hike to the summit of the mountain. Different campsites are located at Hunters Cave, Siyo Cave (near the hot springs), Mude Cave and Tutum Cave and they offer overnight expeditions to the hikers.

Jackson’s Pool and Jackson’s Peak

Jackson’s Pool and Jackson’s Peak

Jackson’s Pool is natural pool with shallow waters and this straddles at 4,050m. This pool lies in the shadow of the 4,165m high Jackson’s Peak, a free-standing volcanic plug rising from the western flank of the mountain. These features or landmarks were named after the first European explorer Frederick Jackson to hike to the summit of the Mountain in the year 1889. Jackson’s peak is used by the locals around the park as a spot or point they base to communicate with their ancestors.

The peaks and the caldera

Mount Elgon’s highest peaks are formed by high points around a jagged rim enclosing one of the world’s largest calderas, at 40km long and 8km wide. The highest peak is the 4,321m Wagagi, followed by Sudek (4,303m), Koitobos (4,222m) and Mubiyi (4,210m).

The Caldera found in the park was formed as a result of magma being drained from the chamber. When it could no longer support the overlying volcanic cone, it collapsed into a depression-like shape. In the eastern corner of the caldera, hot springs are found at the start of the deep Suam Gorge. In the northwest, Simu Gorge was formed by the sheer weight of the water in the caldera cutting two stream beds out of the weak volcanic ash and agglomerate walls.

Nkokenjeru Ridge & Wanale

Nkokenjeru Ridge is a distinguishing finger of forest stretching outwards from the main massif of Mount Elgon. It lies at an altitude of 2,347m and covers a 25km-long tongue of lava that flowed out of the side of the volcano after the cone collapsed or fell down to block the main vent. Nkokenjeru Ridge culminates at the superb Wanale Cliffs which tower above Mbale Town; the seasonal Nabuyonga and Namatyo Waterfalls are located here. A trail at this western end of the ridge leads you to Khauka Cave where petrified wood can be found. This ridge also provides grounds for those travellers interested in paragliding over the Mbale town.

The Nabuyonga Trail is a 5km loop with birding, fauna and flora. Viewpoints overlook Mbale town, Lakes Kyoga, Bisina and Salisbara, and the rugged mountains in Karamoja region. On a clear day, you may enjoy vistas of Wagagai peak and even areas of western Kenya. Beware of throwing a stone into the Nabuyonga stream – local folklore claims that if you do so, a thunderstorm will strike before you leave.

Getting to Mountain Elgon National Park Uganda – How to Access Mountain Elgon National Park Uganda

How to get to Mountain Elgon National Park Uganda

Mount Elgon National Park lies 235km east of Kampala. A tarmac road runs through Jinja to Mbale town at the western base of Mount Elgon, before climbing to Kapchorwa on the mountain’s north-western flank. Dirt roads lead off the Mbale-Kapchorwa road to reach the various trailheads.. Read More

Safari lodges in Mountain Elgon National Park Uganda

Mount Elgon Hotel – Luxury

mount-elgon-hotel

Mount Elgon Hotel & Spa is situated in Mbale district Eastern Uganda. It’s about 4hr drive from Kampala without enroute stopovers. It’s a unique hotel and one of a kind in Eastern Uganda and is so much more than just a hotel. With the personal touch of a bed and breakfast, the privacy of romantic, and many other amenities, Mt Elgon is the ultimate business, holiday or just a romantic getaway.

The Hotel is conveniently located Mbale next to Mt Elgon National Park booking offices. The expansive beautiful coffee plantations are only steps away from the hotel and are great for avid mountain bikers and hikers with the Wanale Hills, Mount Elgon, Sipi Falls, Sisiyi Falls, Nyero Rocks in the backdrop.

Find More about Safari Lodges Mountain Elgon National Park Uganda

Uganda Safari Parks – Uganda Safari Destinations

As of now, Uganda features a count of 10 national parks including Mount Elgon National Park in the east, Kidepo Valley National Park in the north east, Murchison Falls National Park in the north west, Kibale National Park, Semliki National Park and Rwenzori National Park in the west, Queen Elizabeth National Park, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and Lake Mburo National Park in the south west.
Right from the colonial era, a range of national parks have been gazetted in the countries of Uganda, Rwanda and Congo over time and the independent national governments have continued with the initiative.

Uganda is a land gifted by nature. Uganda stands among the many on the continent as the Pearl of Africa teaming with a count of ten National Parks that are spread all over Uganda. The range of biodiversity thrives in these protected areas from which they find their natural protection to push their existence to posterity.The Uganda National Parks present opportunity for a myriad of tourist activities like gorilla trekking, chimpanzee trekking, the forest hiking, birding, classic wild game viewing among other activities explored on safaris in Uganda. Read More

Kibale National Park
Kibale National ParkKibale National Park Uganda

Kibale Forest National Park has thirteen (13) recorded primate species including the L’Hoest’s monkey and its 1,450 chimpanzees which cannot be seen anywhere else in Uganda in such big numbers. The park also has an additional sixty (60) mammal species including the migrant, the warthogs, bush pigs, buffalos, 500 elephants and hippos. Kibale National Park also serves its visitors to four (4) species of wild felids including the leopards and the lions which migrate between Kibale Forest and Queen Elizabeth National Park. Kibale National park adjoins with Queen Elizabeth National Park to form a 180km (111 mi) wildlife corridor, and for this reason a number of ground-dwelling mammals cannot be seen regularly. Read More

bwindi impenetrable forest national park uganda
bwindi impenetrable forest national park uganda

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park the Uganda gorilla safaris & Tours park is conveniently situated in the Kigezi Highlands of south-west Uganda, adjacent to the frontier of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, was gazetted as a National Park in 1991 and declared a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site in 1994. It was created due to its exceptional biodiversity, with more than 163 species of trees and over 100 species of ferns. Various bird species and butterflies, as well as many endangered species, including the mountain gorilla. Read More

lake mburo national park uganda
lake mburo national park uganda

Lake Mburo national park has a number of bird species including the uncommonly seen shoebill, the white winged warbler, the African fish eagles and the red faced barbet which can only be viewed in Lake Mburo National Park. In total birders can be delighted to see over 300 bird species in Lake Mburo National Park. Read More

mgahinga national park uganda
mgahinga national park uganda

Like three other National Parks in Africa, Mgahinga provides a refuge to some of the world’s remaining population of world mountain gorillas. Mgahinga and Bwindi Impenetrable National park, together provide shelter to over half of the world’s total mountain gorilla population. Mgahinga National Park is positioned in the far southwestern part of Uganda in a district called Kisoro about 510km from Uganda’s Capital City Kampala. The park is Uganda’s smallest national park with a total area of 33.7km2. Read More

Mountain Elgon National Park
Mountain Elgon National Park

Mountain Elgon National Park is located on the eastern part Uganda and bisected by the border of Kenya and Uganda. The park is also the largest and oldest solitary, volcanic mountain in East African region. Its enormous areas form, eighty (80) km in diameter and rises more than 3,000m above the surrounding plains. The mountain’s cool heights offer respite from the hot plains below, with the higher altitudes providing a refuge for flora and fauna. Read More

Queen Elizabeth National Park uganda
Queen Elizabeth National Park uganda

Queen Elizabeth National Park which is described as “Uganda’s Great Rift Valley” by Andrew Roberts is the second largest national park in Uganda spanning in the districts of Kasese, Kamwenge, Bushenyi and Rukungiri. The park was established in 1954 and it covers almost 1,978 square kilometers. It is bordered in the West by Lake Edward and in the North by the Rwenzori Mountains, and is separated into two parts, the Northern and Southern park. Read More

Uganda Gorilla Safari Tours – Uganda Gorilla trekking Safaris

Uganda Gorilla Safaris comes with an exceptional experience that is not only got from encountering the Mountain gorillas but also a tour to different wildlife safari destination of Queen Elizabeth national park alive with tree climbing lions, Kazinga Channel, undertaking an ultimate primate trekking encounter and wetland nature walk in Kibale forest park or visiting the different cultural sites spread in different parts of Uganda.

These together with their unique rich cultural heritage combine to trigger or offer an utmost Uganda Gorilla safari experience.

3 Days Bwindi Gorilla Tour

This 3 Days Bwindi Gorilla Uganda Safari tour, takes you into the ancient Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park to trek the world endangered species of the mountain gorillas thriving in the park. Read More

4 Days Bwindi Gorillas & Queen Elizabeth National Park Wildlife Safari in Uganda

The 4 Days Gorillas & Wildlife Safari in Uganda, is safari package that allows you to explore the world endangered species of the Mountain gorillas thriving in Bwindi Impenetrable National park. Read More

4 Days Bwindi Gorilla Trek & Lake Mburo Wildlife Tour

The 4 Day Gorilla & Wildlife Safari Tour Uganda, is short interesting tour that gives you chance to have life changing experience of trekking the mountain gorillas thriving in the ancient Impenetrable forests in Bwindi. Read More

5 Days Uganda Gorilla & Wildlife Safari tour to Queen Elizabeth & Lake Mburo National Park

The 5 Days Uganda Gorilla & Wildlife Safari tour to Queen Elizabeth & Lake Mburo National Park is that packed safari package that offers visitors on Uganda safaris. Read More

5 Days Uganda Gorilla trekking & Wildlife Safari

The 5 Days Uganda Gorilla trekking & Wildlife Safari takes to Queen Elizabeth National Park alive with unique wildlife species like the elephants, buffaloes, lions, jackals, leopards, Kobs. Read More

6 Days Bwindi Gorillas & Kibale Chimps Safari

The 6 Days Bwindi Gorillas & Kibale Chimps Safari Uganda is one of the excellent safaris 0rganised for you to explore the natural wonders in Uganda. Read More

Long Uganda Safaris – Long Uganda Gorilla Safari Tour & Wildlife Tours

8 Days Uganda Mountain Gorilla Trekking Safari

The 8 Days Uganda Mountain Gorilla trekking Safari is an excellent safari package that starts with the visit to lake Mburo national park which is unique Small National park. Read More

9 Days Uganda Wildlife & Gorilla Tour

The 9 Days Uganda Wildlife & Gorilla Tour is complete safari package that will take you to the Pearl of Africa’s most outstanding tourism destination like Murchison Falls National Park. Read More

10 Days Uganda Gorilla & Classic Wildlife Safari

The 10 Days Uganda Gorilla & Wildlife Safari is a comprehensive safari package that enables you to explore among the Uganda’s best destinations that are filled with counts. Read More

13 Days Gorilla Safari in Uganda

The 13 Days Gorilla Safari in Uganda starts and ends on Entebbe Uganda. The safari features impressive Uganda safari micro destinations talking you to Lake Mburo National Park. Read More

15 Days Uganda Gorilla, Adventure, Wildlife & Culture Safari

The 15 Days Uganda Gorilla, Adventure, Wildlife & Culture Safari starts and ends in Entebbe Uganda. The safari takes you to the famous Uganda safari destinations. Read More

18 Days Uganda Comprehensive Safari

The 18 Days Uganda Comprehensive Safari gives you a detailed encounter of Uganda stretching from the north east to the south west. Read More

Other Related Uganda Safaris – Uganda Gorilla & Wildlife Safaris

7 Days Uganda Primate Safari Tour

The 7 days Uganda Primate safari tour provides travelers on primate trekking that rare chance to trek the mountain gorillas in their natural habitat of Bwindi Impenetrable national park conveniently positioned in south western part of Uganda. The safari takes travellers through Kibale forest national park. Read More

3 Days Kibale Chimpanzee Trekking

The 3 days Kibale chimpanzee trekking tour enables you to explore Kibale National Park dubbed the primate capital of the world with largest counts of habituated chimpanzees in the whole of Uganda. The 3 day’s Chimpanzee trekking safari offers you an opportunity to encounter the habituated chimpanzees in their natural habitat.. Read More

3 Days Murchison falls Wildlife Tour

The 3 Days Murchison falls Wildlife tour is good tour package that will take you to Uganda largest national park –Murchison falls located in the North Western part of Uganda .The tour will offers you an opportunity to explore the world’s most powerful water fall and have an account of unique wildlife species like giraffes, elephants, lions, buffaloes, leopard among others. Read More

4 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari to Kidepo National Park

The 4 days Uganda Wildlife Safari to Kidepo Valley National Park is good wildlife tour that entails you encountering Africa’s wilderness park-Kidepo National Park conveniently located in the rugged, semi-arid valleys of Karamoja region on the far northern frontier of Uganda and Sudan. The 4 days wildlife safari to Kidepo allows you to view wide –range of exciting faunas like the greater and lesser kudu, eland and cheetah, lion, leopard, spotted hyena. Read More

4 Days Bwindi Gorilla Trek & Lake Mburo Wildlife Tour

The 4 day Bwindi gorilla trek &Lake Mburo Wildlife Tour is short interesting tour that gives you chance to have life changing experience of trekking the mountain gorillas thriving in the ancient Impenetrable forests in Bwindi. The safari starts from Kampala and it takes you to south western Uganda to Bwindi Impenetrable where you will have the best experience on earth to interact with the stunning apes of the mountain gorillas. Read More

4 Days Queen Elizabeth Wildlife Safari

This 4 Days Queen Elizabeth Wildlife Safari will enable you to participate in the highly experiential tourism activities in Uganda‘s Second largest National Park-Queen Elizabeth national park. The 4 Days wildlife safari will allow you to encounter the adventurous launch cruise on the picturesque waters of the Kazinga Channel, undertake an early morning game drive in the well-coordinated Kasenyi tracks and chimpanzee trekking at Kyambura George. Read More

5 Days Queen Elizabeth & Kibale Wildlife Tour.

The 12 Days Uganda Classic Wild Safari is one of the comprehensive safari packages that are organized by prime Safaris & Tours for tourists interested in wildlife viewing experience in the Pearl of Africa. This complete Safari package will allow you to explore Kampala Capital City which is destination endowed with different attractions ranging from historical to cultural and religious attractions. Read More

15 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari: Murchison falls, Kibale forest, Lake Bunyonyi & Lake Mburo

The 15 days, Uganda Wildlife safari is complete safari package that will take you through the most marvels of Uganda the pearl of Africa. The safari offers you an opportunity to take park in the top tourism activities within Uganda’s national parks including wildlife viewing in Murchison falls national park, Queen Elizabeth, Chimpanzee tracking in the primate Capital-Kibale forest Park. Read More

16 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari Tour

The 16 days Uganda Wildlife Safari Tour is a comprehensive Safari package that entails wildlife viewing, adventure activities, culture tours, scenery viewing, Chimpanzees and Gorillas trekking. It takes you through the cosmopolitan city of Kampala, Jinja adventure Capital of East Africa, Kidepo national park and local Karamojong community, habituated chimpanzees of Kibale, wild game of Queen Elizabeth, gorilla trekking in Bwindi. Read More

5 Days Queen Elizabeth & Kibale Wildlife Tour.

5 Day Queen Elizabeth & Kibale Wildlife Tour is an interesting tour package that is organized for visitors interested in trekking the chimpanzees and participating in boat cruise, game drive, forest walk, wetland walk and community tours. The safari tour take you to explore Kibale National Park, home to a total of 70 mammal species, most popularly the thirteen (13) species of primate including the chimpanzees and Queen Elizabeth National Park. Read More

6 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari – Kidepo Valley Park & Murchison falls

The 6 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari is good safari packages that visitor on Uganda Safari should opt for. The Safari package enables you to explore the two outstanding protected areas in Uganda –the pearl of Africa. The 6 days Uganda wildlife safari starts from Kampala and it takes you to Kidepo Valley National park strategically positioned in the unexplored Karamoja region in the North Eastern part of Uganda. Read More

7 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari

This 7 Days Uganda Wildlife Safari is complete safari package that is targeted for visitors interested in wild game viewing. The Safari takes you to Murchison Falls National Park- Uganda ‘s Largest National Park with the world’s powerful falls and an account of unique wildlife species like Elephants, Lions, Hippos. Read More

Covering a size of 1,279km², Mt. Elgon National Park is shared by two countries i.e. Uganda and Kenya. Ugandan part of the park was gazzetted in 1992 and covers 1110 km² while the Kenyan part gazzetted in 1968 covers 169 km. At first, the Uganda part of the park was first gazztted as Forest Reserve in 1929 and in 1937, the forest reserve boundary was finalized but the area covered by the Reserve were continually degazzetted to provide land for the local Residents. In the year1940 the area became the Mt. Elgon Crown Forest and in 1951 a Central Forest Reserve. These changes occurred until it was fully established as national park in 1992.

Mt Elgon was at first Africa’s highest mountain, far higher than the famous Kilimanjaro’s Mountain of Tanzania with current 5,895m high. However, the Millennia of erosion have reduced the park’s height or peaks to current 4,321m, pushing it to the 8th highest mountain in great African continent and the 4th in East Africa region.

Mount Elgon National Park Uganda Map

Mount Elgon National Park Uganda Map

Mount Elgon is a mainly a significant water catchment for both Uganda and Kenya. Its forests receive up to 3000mm of rain each year, which they store and release to support flora, fauna and more than a million Ugandans and Kenyans living at the adjacent areas of the Mountain.

The lower slopes of the Mountain are covered by tropical montane forest with expansive stands of bamboo. Above 3000m the forest fades into heath and then afro-alpine moorland, which blankets or covers the caldera, a collapsed crater covering some 40 sq km. The moorland is studded with rare plant species, such as giant groundsel and endemic Lobelia elgonensis, and you’ll often see duiker bounding through the long grass and endangered lammergeier vultures overhead. In September it’s usually decorated with wildflowers.

Mount Elgon National Park is natural habitat to over 300 species of birds, including the endangered Lammergeyer, rare Jackson’s francolin, alpine chat and white-starred forest robin, Small antelopes, forest monkeys, elephants and buffalos also live on the mountainside. The higher slopes are protected by national parks in Uganda and Kenya, creating an expansive trans-boundary conservation area which has been designated a UNESCO Man & Biosphere Reserve

Mt Elgon is home to two tribes’ i.e.  the Bagisu and the Sabiny, with the marginalized Ndorobos forced to dwell deep within the forest of Benet. The Bagisu, are most popularly known as BaMasaba. This group of people considers Mount Elgon to be the embodiment of their founding father Masaba and call the mountain by this name.

A climb on Mt. Elgon’s deserted moorlands unveils splendid and uncluttered wilderness without the summit-oriented which routine to different mountains: the ultimate goal on reaching the top of Mt. Elgon is not the final ascent to the 4321m Wagagai Peak, but the descent into the vast 40km² caldera.