NATIONAL PARKS IN RWANDA
The Rwanda’s National Parks are listed on protected ecosystems and the wildlife reserves that are positioned within the Rwandan borders in the East Central Africa. The destination Rwanda feature three National Parks namely the Akagera National Park in the east of Rwanda to the Tanzanian border, the Nyungwe National Park to the south west of Rwanda close to Burundi boarder and the Volcanoes National Park in the North West on the border of Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo.
The management and maintenance of the National Park system along with infrastructure development and tourism promotion is undertaken by the Rwanda Development Board. For Akagera National Park, it is managed under the Public – Private partnership of Rwanda Development Board and African Parks Limited
Every National Park in Rwanda protects a varied ecosystem and a range of species. The Volcanoes National Park which is also the oldest in Africa and the heavily patrolled national park in the world features an alpine vegetation and supports a count of the critically endangered mountain gorillas that are explored on gorilla trekking safaris in Rwanda, the golden monkeys and 178 species of birds and a range of forest antelopes like duikers.
The montane forest of Nyungwe is a rich habitat to common chimpanzees that are explored on chimpanzee safaris in Rwanda, the Black and white colobus monkeys, counts of bird species and remarkable flora. The Akagera National Park feature rolling savannah combretum which supports counts of wild game including the lions, the Buffaloes, elephants, giraffes, baboons, gazelles and zebra.
These parks contribute significantly to biodiversity conservation and national development through tourist revenue generation.
Volcanoes National Park is most popular to many travellers as gorilla trekking destination in the picturesque Virunga Conservation Area and as the first African national park that was established in the year 1925 as the area covered by Virunga Volcanoes i.e. Mikeno, Karisimbi and Visoke volcanic peaks and a mountain gorilla’s natural sanctuary.
Nyungwe Forest National Park
Conveniently located in the resplendent hills of southwestern Rwanda, Nyungwe Forest National Park is bordering Democratic Republic of Congo on the west and Burundi on the southern part with Lake Kivu. The park is the only one in the Central and East Africa with enormous Montane forest. Its strategic location in the watershed between the basin of the river Congo on the western part of the park and the basin of the river Nile on the eastern section makes the forest to be one of the fabulous sources of the famous Nile suited on the eastern part of park.
Akagera National Park
Akagera national park is located in the Eastern part of Rwanda along the frontier of the Neighboring Tanzania. The park was established in the 1934 to help protect and conserve the diverse fauna and flora commonly in the three (3) eco-regions the rolling hills of Acacia and Brachystegia Woodland, the sparsely distributed grassland and swamp-fringed Mountain. The famous Akagera Park got its name after the prominent Kagera River that flows along the frontiers of park supplying / feeding water to different water bodies mainly to Lake Ihema which is the second largest lake in Rwanda.